paper brings two new elements to the debate around expanding
reservation in centres of excellence in higher education.
First, it establishes that Upper Caste Hindus are significantly
better off in education, employment and relative incomes
than ST, SC or OBC populations. Second, it links this
privileged positioning of Upper Castes Hindus with changing
labour market dynamics in the 1990s and shows how Upper
Caste Hindus dominate the best jobs in the Urban economy.
Since access to high quality tertiary education then
becomes key to accessing the most dynamic segment of
a decelerating labour market, the paper therefore argues
that expanding reservations to OBCs in public institutions
of higher learning is imperative.